Aim: understand the characteristics of newspaper articles and become familiar with strategies to write effective articles.
Newspaper articles concentrate the most important information in the opening paragraph or lead paragraph. This is so because newspaper readers do not always read whole articles in newspaper, often they just skim over pages, so it is important to concentrate key information at the very beginning.
The traditional approach to newspaper writing has it that, when writing the lead paragraph of an article, journalists should be mainly concerned about making the five Ws and an H explicit:
Who is the main subject of the story: the person, thing, idea, event, fact, institution etc. about which the story is written; what is the action that takes place; when and where explain the time and place of the action; why describes the reason for the action; how tells the manner the action takes place.
Or, in other words, who did
what. When, where, why, and how was it done.
Below, you've got two model lead paragraphs. Try to find the 5Ws and an H.
The 5 Ws and an H will later on be elaborated in the
rest of the article. Of course, you do not always find the 5 Ws and
an H. But, in good newspaper writing, if one of them is missing it is
usually for a good reason.