Autors: Dídac Pujol, Anna Espunya
Processos informàtics: Anna Puigví
Text: Alan Lightman's biography
Nivell recomanat: inicial.
Índex conceptual d'ítems pedagògics: connectors (while); determinants (article indefinit); gerundi (calc); aspecte imperfectiu; calc lèxic; calc de puntuació; passiva; terme cultural; terme cultural (procediment de traducció: amplificació o addició d'informació); sigles; metàfora; procediments de traducció (modulació: pla concret i real a pla abstracte o intel·lectiu); metàfora (estàndard); documentació; complements del nom (densitat: substitució de -ed per una clàusula de relatiu).
Objectius: posar en pràctica els procediments de traducció necessaris per evitar calcs lingüístics i per traduir termes culturals.
Lectures prèvies recomanades: Manual de traducció anglès-català, capítol 5 i 3.6.1.
Activitats complementàries: Manual de traducció anglès-català, capítol 1, exercicis 1 i 2 (sobre els procediments de traducció); capítol 5, exercicis 3 (sobre el gerundi en anglès) i 8 (sobre la veu passiva); capítol 3, exercici 5 (sobre els termes culturals). Tots els exercicis tenen solució.
Instruccions: Llegiu el text i llavors traduïu les frases en negreta.
Alan Lightman's biography
Just as Alan Lightman has joined art and science in his life, so has he
done in his best-selling book Einstein's
Dreams, the novel chosen for the freshman orientation experience at UW
Oshkosh for the 1997-98 school year.
As an undergraduate he attended Princeton , choosing to major in physics because, as he explains it, "I know a few scientists who had become writers, but I didn't know of any writers who had become scientists, so I figured that I should start my career in science and then come back to the writing." He graduated in 1970 and went on to earn his Ph.D. in theoretical astrophysics from Caltech in 1974. While at Caltech he studied under Kip Thorne and occasionally he and other graduate students were able to discuss their work over lunch with Richard Feynman. As Lightman comments, "It was a very exciting time to be a graduate student in physics." It was while continuing his postdoctoral work at Cornell that he met his future wife Jean Greenblatt, a student in urban-planning and an artist. Each was attracted by the artistic side of the other, and they were married in 1976. They have two daughters, Elyse and Kara.
Between 1976 and 1988 Lightman taught astronomy and physics at Harvard, moving to MIT in 1989 because there he was given the chance to teach both of his loves - as a physicist and as the director of the Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies.
During his teaching years he began writing, attempting to make science
understandable for the layman and writing essays that explained the relationships
between science, art, and literature. These essays were published
such as Smithsonian and The New Yorker
. He continued writing, mostly in the summer, publishing
several textbooks as well as work in his field of study before plunging
into fiction with Einstein's Dreams ,
which he wrote in 1991 at his summer home on a small island off the coast
Recently he has published a novel, Good Benito (1995), and a book of essays, Dance for Two (1996). Because of time constraints caused by the writing of fiction, Lightman no longer has the time to devote to physics research.
Lightman is a member of several professional societies: the American
Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and